COX, James Garthwaite
- Born: Cir 1880, Bethnal Green, London
- Marriage (1): GILL, Clara Jane on 25 Dec 1901 in St. Peter's Church, Mile End Old Town, London
- Died: 12 Jul 1915, Gallipoli, Turkey aged about 35
Date of Death:13/07/1915
Regiment/Service:Royal Engineers 2nd London Field Coy.
Panel Reference: Panel 23 to 25 or 325 to 328.
Additional Information: Son of Mr. and Mrs. J. G. Cox, of 53, St. Peter's Rd., Mile End, London; husband of Clara Jane Cox, of 20, Bloomfield Rd., Burdett Rd., Bow, London.
The eight month campaign in Gallipoli was fought by Commonwealth and French forces in an attempt to force Turkey out of the war, to relieve the deadlock of the Western Front in France and Belgium, and to open a supply route to Russia through the Dardanelles and the Black Sea.
The Allies landed on the peninsula on 25-26 April 1915; the 29th Division at Cape Helles in the south and the Australian and New Zealand Corps north of Gaba Tepe on the west coast, an area soon known as Anzac. On 6 August, further landings were made at Suvla, just north of Anzac, and the climax of the campaign came in early August when simultaneous assaults were launched on all three fronts. However, the difficult terrain and stiff Turkish resistance soon led to the stalemate of trench warfare. From the end of August, no further serious action was fought and the lines remained unchanged. The peninsula was successfully evacuated in December and early January 1916.
The Helles Memorial serves the dual function of Commonwealth battle memorial for the whole Gallipoli campaign and place of commemoration for many of those Commonwealth servicemen who died there and have no known grave.
The United Kingdom and Indian forces named on the memorial died in operations throughout the peninsula, the Australians at Helles. There are also panels for those who died or were buried at sea in Gallipoli waters. The memorial bears more than 21,000 names.
There are four other Memorials to the Missing at Gallipoli. The Lone Pine, Hill 60, and Chunuk Bair Memorials commemorate Australian and New Zealanders at Anzac. The Twelve Tree Copse Memorial commemorates the New Zealanders at Helles. Naval casualties of the United Kingdom lost or buried at sea are recorded on their respective Memorials at Portsmouth, Plymouth and Chatham, in the United Kingdom.
Noted events in his life were:
• Census, 1891, 92 James Street, Bethnal Green, London.
• Census, 1901, 53 St. Peter's Road, Stepney, London.
• Occupation: Upholsterer, 1901.
James married Clara Jane GILL on 25 Dec 1901 in St. Peter's Church, Mile End Old Town, London. (Clara Jane GILL was born circa 1875 in Bow, London, christened on 28 Jul 1875 in St. Paul's Church, Bow Common, London and died on 4 Jan 1940 in 48 Shaftesbury Road, Forest Gate, Essex.)